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The Sound Archive is composed of recordings made by the group of oral history of the FSS, both audio and video, the brothers and sisters. We also received donations of recordings made by others. The earliest record is that of a talk given by Aristide Lapeyre, on the evolution of the school in France, the Spanish University of Toulouse in 1960 and most recently in November 2005, presentation at the Forum's Debats University of Valencia in the Red Zone documentary series on TV3, with the presence of Felip Solé, (director), and the testimony of Isidro Guardia Abella (CNT) and Juan Gil Edo (Instituto Obrero de Valencia). We also have a good collection of recordings of revolutionary songs, both Spanish, French and Latin.

The funds for this file in formation, equipped until today (January 2006) of 411 tapes, equivalent to 581 hours, are classified into two sections: Stories and Dissertations.

The first section, Testimonials, consists of 235 tapes equivalent to 251 hours of recording and includes various aspects and events of the twentieth century Spanish life, especially of the Second Republic, the Civil War, the Exile and Franco, from autobiographical experiences. This section records experiences and impressions on renowned militants in the area of ​​the Spanish Libertarian Movement as those less known. However despite the fact that our center is more interested in the Libertarian Movement have also gathered testimonies of militants from other ideological currents and Republican members of the Federation of University School, Children of War, the POUM, guerrillas or Maquis.

The second section, dissertations, tapes consists of 176 equivalent to 330 hours of recording and consists of sound recordings from conferences, congresses, seminars, conferences, meetings, round tables, debates, radio shows and forums in which scholars, activists and trade unionists have reflected on the labor movement, historical memory, etc.

The following two sections describe the sound file by analyzing its structure.

I. Testimonials section

The sound recordings under this section means 53% of all the evidence collected, 86% was recorded on audio-cassette, and only 14% of cases the collection of witness was made on videotape. Also, we must say that in 38% of cases the interview was used as a method for collecting evidence, using the questionnaire developed by the Oral History Group of the FSS of Valencia. This questionnaire was adapted to the characteristics of each of the interviewees.

As for the language used, 76% of respondents are in Castilian, while 24% do in Catalan. It should be noted that only 11% of the evidence in the file is transcribed, usually full, and sometimes in abridged or annotated. We recognize that very little has been transcribed, but the Oral History Group has valued more urgent to collect the evidence before it is too late, and when you can already make the transcripts.

On the environmental conditions of the interviews, usually has sought that the meeting be kept exclusively between deponent and trustee, but there are cases that occurred in the presence of a relative or friend of the witness, who spoke in some cases views and comments, which have enriched so deposition. Another thing to be careful enough has been the site of recording of testimony, the interviewees were comfortable and relaxed. We used local F.S.S. and in many cases, the same addresses of the deponents, and we have stimulated memories through photographs, newspaper clippings and other documents.

From the standpoint of the individual's profile from which the testimony, and having accounted for 140 deponents, we can say that 67% were males (94 men) while women account for the remaining 33% (46 women).

As for the age of the respondents are over 70 years, but two people who were 52 and 66, respectively. With regard to the occupation of the interviewees, we can say that covers many different fields, with predominance of the tertiary sector. Workers in this sector (services) took 45%. Second, with 20%, we have the secondary sector (industry) 14% belongs to the primary sector (agriculture). Naturally, the old who have already reached the retirement age.

As for the theme of the testimonies, we can establish the following topics:

1. Daily life before, during and after the Spanish Civil War:

Childhood, adolescence, military service, marriage, family, friends, work, leisure.

2. General questions

His vision of the politics of the time. Vision of the Civil War. Vision of the CNT. Related to weapons. Life in exile (exile interior / exterior exile) The passage by the court. Life in the concentration camp / prison. Opposition to the Franco regime. The political transition to democracy. The unions of the 90.

II. Speeches section

47% of the tapes of Oral Sources archive of the FSS Valencia is dedicated to lectures. The 18% comes from collections of symposia, conferences, seminars and conferences. 39% is made up of independent units sessions, lectures, conferences, roundtables loose.

Finally, 43% of this section includes material from radio spots, namely La Memoria Rebelde, oral history program of the FSS on Radio Klara, libertarian free radio of Valencia City. It was an interesting experience we had during the years 1993 and 1994, each week we interviewed an elderly person knowledgeable of the issues raised either case we put some recordings of the interviews conducted before (we did 67 programs for 1.30 hours).



Guide of sound archiveGuía de fondos